The made-in-Canada regulation requires third-party device certification, something the U.S. did not pursue, and a detail the Canadian trucking industry lobbied to have included. In the U.S., devices are self-certified, which has led to the arrival in the market of ELDs that can be modified or tampered with.
By June 2021, third-party-certified ELDs will have to be used by all truck drivers currently required to maintain a logbook. The announcement was greeted with enthusiasm by industry associations.
Uber Freight announced its expansion to Canada in October. It was the company’s first North American expansion and comes on the heels of Uber Freight’s recent European expansion to Germany, the Netherlands and Poland, as the company continues to scale its global operations.
4 CTA investigates shippers’ complaints about railways
In January, the Canadian Transportation Agency flexed its newly enhanced authority under the 2018 Transportation Modernization Act and launched an investigation into whether rail companies were fulfilling their obligations following industry complaints.
A preliminary report appeared to confirm shippers’ complaints about a relatively high number of restrictions on commodities they tried to move by rail through the Vancouver area.
After holding hearings, the CTA determined Canadian National breached its level of service obligations in the Vancouver area late in 2018, while Canadian Pacific and three other railways did not.
5 The digitalization of container shipping
The year saw major movement from container shipping lines when it came to attempting to create common information technology standards to make the industry more efficient for both customers and shipping lines.
TradeLens, the blockchain-enabled digital shipping platform, jointly developed by A.P. Moller – Maersk and IBM, continued to add members, including Hapag-Lloyd and Singapore-based Ocean Network Express (ONE) Pte., as well as CMA CGM and MSC Mediterranean Shipping Company and North American container terminal operator GCT.
6 Autonomous trucks
2019 also saw major advancements in autonomous trucking, including:
Loadsmart and Starsky Robotics announced that they were able to automatically dispatch an autonomous truck to haul freight; having successfully priced, tendered and booked via Loadsmart and then picked up and delivered the shipment using Starsky’s self-driving technology;
Starsky Robotics completing its first public unmanned test, driving a heavy-duty commercial truck for 9.4 miles along Florida’s Turnpike with no one in it: successfully navigating a rest area, merging onto the highway, changing lanes, and keeping a speed of 55 mph. All without a human on-board; and
A group of Scania experts in different fields teamed up and developed a concept truck, which, even without the cab, has the company’s modular system at the heart of the design.
7 CP derailment in BC kills three
On February 4, a Vancouver-bound train with 112 grain cars was parked for two hours with its air brakes engaged on a grade east of Field, B.C., when it started moving on its own. The train sped up to well over the limit before 99 cars and two locomotives hurtled off the tracks.
Three employees with Canadian Pacific Railway — engineer Andrew Dockrell, conductor Dylan Paradis and trainee Daniel Waldenberger-Bulmer — were killed.
In 2020, the International Maritime Organization (IMO), a UN agency that is responsible for environmental impacts of ships, will implement ambitious targets to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from maritime shipping. The IMO plan regulates carbon dioxide emissions from ships and requires shipping companies to halve their GHG emissions, based on 2008 levels by 2050.
Some shipping lines also proposed not using Arctic shipping routes, including CMA CGM, Hapag-Lloyd and MSC.
9 Amazon and FedEx
Amazon and FedEx ended their relationship in the US, with FedEx terminated its air delivery contract and ground delivery service, as the online shopping giant continued to build its own fleet and becoming more of a threat to delivery companies.
In December, Canada joined the United States and Mexico in heralding a new era of North American prosperity as they formally agreed to changes to the new continental free trade deal first reached last year.
The amended deal comes after years intense, at times bitter, negotiations to update the 25-year-old North American Free Trade Agreement.
Shortly thereafter, by a 385-41 vote, the US House of Representatives approved a bill that puts in place terms of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement.