TORONTO, Ont.–The Canadian International Freight Forwarders Association, CIFFA, has issued a special bulletin advising its members about the domino effects of West Coast Port issues impacting air and ccean transport. CIFFA said it is important that freight forwarders communicate with customers to establish realistic expectations during this volatile period.
“A variety of causes have converged to create chaos and congestion at US and Canadian West Coast ports. Labour negotiations between the ILWU and the Pacific Maritime Association are ongoing and negatively affecting all US west coast ports. Right now discussions have been postponed for 12 days due to the American Thanksgiving. Severe chassis shortages and trucking problems at Long Beach and Los Angeles add to the tension and delays. US destined cargo has been diverted north to Port Metro Vancouver and Prince Rupert. Congestion in Asia ports, larger vessels that take longer to handle in ports, and storms in the Pacific wreak havoc with vessel schedules. Some vessels are arriving 10 to 12 days late at Canadian and US ports. Dozens of vessels are anchored at ports waiting, sometimes for weeks to discharge. Volumes have not been this high in over 2 years,” noted the association in its bulletin.
In terms of impacts, CIFFA advised its members to take note of the following:
Exports are being delayed.
-Across North America, exports are being severely hampered. As vessels try to pick up time in their schedules, they discharge inbound containers and immediately depart, not waiting to load exports. In many cases, loaded export containers are being held at inland rail receiving terminals or held off-dock.
-Terminals are full and there is no room on the docks for empty containers that need to be evacuated back to Asia. Vessels are not waiting to load empties. Expect equipment shortages in Asia.
-Every week that goes by with thousands of containers landing in North America and few being returned to Asia, the problem worsens. Soon we expect that the imbalance will be such that December and January exports from Asia will suffer as there won’t be sufficient numbers of containers there to load. Expect even more surcharges.
-It costs money to keep vessels at anchor for days waiting to discharge and to manage container imbalances. Carriers are beginning to implement congestion surcharges. For example, on Friday MSC has announced that, “With several weeks of slowdown on U.S. West Coast port operations, our vessels are being worked at a slower pace, extending the stay at the port, which consequently leads to other vessels having to wait a significant number of days outside the port. Consequently, a costly recovery program, including a multitude of services, has been orchestrated to lessen the delay of U.S. exports, Asia exports and flow of equipment into Asia.” It added that it wished “to recover our expenses and mitigate our potential loss of revenue, and shall, therefore, effective Nov. 26, 2014 (gate-in date) charge a Port Congestion Surcharge. The amount of the surcharge is $800 per TEU, $1,000 per FEU and $1,125 per high-cube container”. Other carriers are following suit. This surcharge could seriously affect freight forwarders’ treasuries and could substantially increase credit liabilities/ risk.
Airfreight is not necessarily the answer.
-With weeks of delay in ocean freight, shippers desperate to have product on shelves for Black Friday and the Christmas retail season have diverted thousands of tons of ocean freight to air. Scheduled carriers are flying full and air charter rates inbound from Asia are through the roof.
-Importers who are trying to negotiate air cargo inbound from Asia during the next several weeks must be advised of realistic transit times, possible booking delays and cost expectations.
Further, CIFFA advised its members to:
1. Advise clients that these delays are totally beyond membership control and there is no course of claim or cost recovery for increase fees, demurrage, detention, storage or surcharges.
2. Advise clients in writing of any new or increased carrier surcharges or cost recovery programs and get written acknowledgement from your clients.
3. Advise clients to take into consideration delays of up to 3 weeks in West Coast ports and schedule arrival delays by carriers and increase their lead time from origin accordingly.
4. Advise clients to be prepared for continuous delays into Q1 2015, and possible further deterioration and delays with associated escalated costs until ILWU settles their labour contracts, productivity is stabilized and operations return to normal.
5. Advise clients to prepare for a strong peak Chinese New Year (CNY) season (Jan-Mar), with heavy volumes through West Coast ports including Canada.
The key to successful shipping through this crisis is proper advanced planning, communicating with clients, managing priority orders, and identifying delivery deadlines and necessary lead times to minimize costly cancellations.
CIFFA will continue monitoring the situation closely and keep membership abreast of developments on West Coast ports, the association said.
Julia Kuzeljevich is Editor of Canadian Shipper. She has been writing about transportation and logistics issues since 1999. All posts by Julia Kuzeljevich